Ces, ses, c’est – A French grammar story ..!
KS2/3 French Grammar practice: Ces, Ses, C’est + demonstrative adjectives
The following words all sound the same but they mean different things:
CES, SES, C’EST!
1. CES = These/those:
‘Ces’ is a demonstrative adjective used with a noun in the plural to describe it by demonstrating it, ‘picking it out’! E.g. These apples (Ces pommes), Those people (Ces gens)
2. SES = His/her/its:
‘Ses’ is a possessive adjective used with a noun in the plural to describe it by saying it belongs to a single person or thing. E.g. Her parents (Ses parents), His cousins (Ses cousins)
3. C’EST = It is, this is, that is
C’est is formed from ’Ce + est’ - Ce (this/that) + est (is)
Demonstrative Adjectives in French:
This/That = ce, cet, cette
Use ce with a masculine word/noun: ce garçon – this boy
Use cet if masculine word/noun begins with a vowel: cet enfant – this child
Use cette with a feminine word: cette fille - this girl
These/Those = ces
Here is some French listening/speaking practice, with subtitles, to practise the above grammar in context: A story about worried parents and a chick learning to fly …!
Printed words in French available here: Worksheet
KS2/3 French Audio Story
Youtube Channel: A GREEN MOUSE